Chinese Famine (1958 to 1961)
-The last major famine not resulting from a war
-14 to 40 million people died
The "Great Leap Foward" was an economic campaign that hoped to organize China's population to meet its industrial and agricultural
problems. Man power instead of machine power was emphasized. Furnaces were built in small towns and people had to abandon
their fields to run them. Agriculture was disrupted so severely that famine occured
Irish potato famine (1845 to 1851
-8 million to 5 million people
Two million acres of potato crops began to rot in 1845 due to the Phytophthora infestations. 750,000 Irish were confirmed
dead and twice as many perished.
Overpopulation and the dependency on potatoes worsened the scenario.
North Korea Famine (1995 to 1998)
-5 out of 24 million people in North Korea are malnourished
- 220,000 people died of malnutrition-related illnesses between 1995 and 1998
South Wollo, Ethiopia Famine
In South Wollo, the frost destroys crops. The little amount of land the farmers have is continuously subdivided to grow more
crops. Famines have occurred in the area in 1962-3 and 1972-74, this was in the days of the Emperor. Another world famous
famine was in 1984-5, in which an estimated one million people died.
Ukrainain Famine (1932 to 1933)
-The result of Stalin’s forced collectivization
-6 to 7 million dead
In 1917, Ukraine declared independence. When the Bolsheviks came into power, Ukraine was incorporated into the Soviet Union.
Ukraine’s nationalism threatened Stalin, so Stalin created a man-made famine.
Why does Starvation Exist?
There is enough food on our plant for every single person to have five pounds of food per day. The problem is it is expensive
to distribute food to countries that are not arable. The land is not arable because of temperature, hard soil, or lack of
Sometimes, people just do not have enough money to buy food. This is when the economy is to blame. The world’s poorest
countries are hundreds of billions of dollars debt, therefore the government must spend money repaying other countries.
Cultural beliefs are also to blame for hunger because they limit the progress in societies. For example, in India, women are
considered lower than men in society.